Tuesday 29 July 2014

Kenya is food secure - 23/03/2013


Food production in nearly all crops in the country increased in 2012 compared to 2011. The food assessment report of the ministry of agriculture and the Kenya Food Security Steering Group ( KPSSG) has disclosed.
The good performance has been attributed to the 2012 rains that were better in terms of temporal and spatial distribution compared to 2011. This was coupled with several food security interventions by the ministry of agriculture in collaboration with stakeholders. The other contributing factors were high adoption of the use of certified seeds and fertilizers by farmers.



According to the Food Security Assessment Report  March 2013, maize production increased by 7 percent from 37,520,694 bags in 2011 to 40,037,090   bags of maize in 2012.  Current maize stocks is estimated at 26,435,455 bags of 90 kg ,with farmers   holding 21,012,440 bags, traders 2,682,475 bags, millers 466,720 and National Cereals and Produce board 2,271, 820.

 

The Maize Lethal Necrotic Disease did not seriously affect production as projected. The food assessment team has scaled down the earlier estimated  loss from affected 65,000 hectares to 35,000 hectares.
Wheat production increased by a margin of 64 per cent with yields of 4,908,400 bags in 2012 compared to 2,983,130 bags in 2011. Rice production increased by 10 percent to stand at 1,630,978 bags of paddy (75kg) in 2012 compared to 1,486,200 in 2011. Beans increased by 14 per cent from 6,418,596 bags of 90kg in 20111 to 7,358,025 in 2012. Increase in production was recorded mainly in Eastern and Central provinces.

Food security interventions by the ministry such as Njaa Marufuku Kenya, NAIAAP and Traditional High Value Crops are making an impact among poor farmers who can now access certified seeds and fertilizers as well as diversify the food crops by planting drought tolerant crops like sorghum, millet, green grams, cowpeas, pigeon peas, cassava,sweet potatoes among others.The ministry has spent between shs 9 to 12 billion to subsidized farmers with free seeds or subsidized fertilizer which have resulted in high yields.

In horticulture the value of the production for 2012increased to shs 276 billion compared to shs 205 billion  earned in 2011, the area under production increased by 9 per cent whiles the value of earnings increased by 26 percent. “In 2012 good weather conditions and improved irrigation by large scale producers in Nakuru, Kiambu and Meru counties accounted for most of the horticulture production”
A summary of food situation is tabulated below:

 

Table 1: Achieved production of major food staple in 2011 and 2012

Commodity

2011

2012

2011

2012

 

Area (Ha)

Area (Ha)

Production (90 Kg bags)

Production (90 Kg bags)

Maize

2,131,887

2,266,196

37,520,694

40,037,090

Wheat

131,509

148,725

2,983,130

4,908,400

Rice

25,598

27,183

1,486,200

1,630,987

Sorghum

254,25

220,010

1,776,412

1,944,915

Beans

1,036,738

1,065,180

6,418,596

7,358,225

Cowpeas

197,980

218,851

905,938

1,308,253

Green Grams

159,910

188,493

780,283

1,007,796

Potatoes

123,390

329,675

2,365,253 (MT)

5,497,275 (MT)

Cassava

60,473

71,650

679,167 (MT)

905,710 (MT)

 

Table 2: Stocks of major staples

Crops

Farmers

Traders

Millers

PCPB

Total

Maize

21,012,439

2,682,476

468,720

2,271,820

26,435,455

Beans

1,690,205

834,930

0

38,865

2,564,000

Wheat

323,640

215,365

3,530

2,005

544,540

Rice

268,105

474,350

23,565

94,500

860,520

 

Table 5: Land preparation and farm tractors available

Region

Target L.R Ha

Estimated prepared Ha

Estimated %

Estimated No of Farm tractors available

Rift Valley

1,078,876

485,494

45

3,380

Western

362,560

126,896

35

1,340

Nyanza

476,848

190,739

40

283

Central

198,978

83,571

42

270

Eastern

495,612

148,684

30

230

Coast

152,025

60,810

40

65

North Eastern

6,030

1,508

25

13

Nairobi

934

327

30

 

Total

2,771,857

1,098,028

35.8

5,581

 

Table 6: Seed Requirements  as at 28th February 2013

 CROP

LR Targeted Ha

seed demands (Kg)

% formal seed

Formal demand (Kg)

Maize

1,647,349

16,473,490

62

10,213,564

Beans

749,044

56,178,300

2

1,123,566

Green Grams

113,128

2,217,309

1

22,173

Cowpeas

134,714

2,640,394

1

26,404

Wheat

159,988

19,998,500

20

3,999,700

Rice

14,672

733,600

24

176,064

Sorghum

190,217

951,085

35

332,880

Finger Millet

35,440

354,400

24

85,056

Irish Potato

111,977

1,679,655

30

503,897

 

Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE

Table 1: Achieved production of major food staple in 2011 and 2012

Commodity

2011

2012

2011

2012

 

Area (Ha)

Area (Ha)

Production (90 Kg bags)

Production (90 Kg bags)

Maize

2,131,887

2,266,196

37,520,694

40,037,090

Wheat

131,509

148,725

2,983,130

4,908,400

Rice

25,598

27,183

1,486,200

1,630,987

Sorghum

254,25

220,010

1,776,412

1,944,915

Beans

1,036,738

1,065,180

6,418,596

7,358,225

Cowpeas

197,980

218,851

905,938

1,308,253

Green Grams

159,910

188,493

780,283

1,007,796

Potatoes

123,390

329,675

2,365,253 (MT)

5,497,275 (MT)

Cassava

60,473

71,650

679,167 (MT)

905,710 (MT)

 

Table 2: Stocks of major staples

Crops

Farmers

Traders

Millers

PCPB

Total

Maize

21,012,439

2,682,476

468,720

2,271,820

26,435,455

Beans

1,690,205

834,930

0

38,865

2,564,000

Wheat

323,640

215,365

3,530

2,005

544,540

Rice

268,105

474,350

23,565

94,500

860,520

 

Table 5: Land preparation and farm tractors available

Region

Target L.R Ha

Estimated prepared Ha

Estimated %

Estimated No of Farm tractors available

Rift Valley

1,078,876

485,494

45

3,380

Western

362,560

126,896

35

1,340

Nyanza

476,848

190,739

40

283

Central

198,978

83,571

42

270

Eastern

495,612

148,684

30

230

Coast

152,025

60,810

40

65

North Eastern

6,030

1,508

25

13

Nairobi

934

327

30

 

Total

2,771,857

1,098,028

35.8

5,581

 

Table 6: Seed Requirements  as at 28th February 2013

 CROP

LR Targeted Ha

seed demands (Kg)

% formal seed

Formal demand (Kg)

Maize

1,647,349

16,473,490

62

10,213,564

Beans

749,044

56,178,300

2

1,123,566

Green Grams

113,128

2,217,309

1

22,173

Cowpeas

134,714

2,640,394

1

26,404

Wheat

159,988

19,998,500

20

3,999,700

Rice

14,672

733,600

24

176,064

Sorghum

190,217

951,085

35

332,880

Finger Millet

35,440

354,400

24

85,056

Irish Potato

111,977

1,679,655

30

503,897

 
     

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