SMALL-SCALE HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (SHDP)
Small-Scale Horticulture Development Project (SHDP) is a project funded by the
African Development Bank (AfDB), the Government of Kenya (GoK) and
beneficiaries who are the farmers to the tune of KSh 2.075 billion. The project started
in August, 2008 and will end in December, 2015.
The objective of the project is to increase household incomes of smallholder
horticultural producers through increased production of horticultural products and
PROJECT EXPECTED OUTCOMES:
1. Increased access to irrigated land
2. Increased horticulture productivity
3. Increased incomes for smallholder farmers
4. Improved environmental management
5. Organised market
6. Improved farmers’ linkages to financial institutions
The project has been implemented through 9 Irrigation schemes within 7 counties as
per the table below.
|Name of Irrigation Scheme||Sub County||County|
|Kabanon-Kapkamak||Marakwet West||Elgeyo Marakwet County|
|Kathiga Gacheru||Mbeere North||Embu|
|Mbogoni||Chuka Igambang’ombe||Tharaka Nithi|
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION FRAMEWORK
The project has been implemented through 3 components namely: -Irrigation and
Infrastructure Development, Farmers Support and Project Coordination.
Irrigation and Infrastructure Development Component
This component deals primarily with construction of new and/or rehabilitation of old
irrigation infrastructure and rehabilitation of access roads. It also deals with
environmental conservation activities such as watershed management and spring
Farmers Support Component
This component has two sub components, horticulture production & marketing and
financial Services support. Under this component, the main activities are
construction of post-harvest handling facilities to reduce post-harvest losses and
enhance market quality of produce; mobilisation of farmers; empowering farmers
through training; provision of structures, equipment and materials for value addition
and income generation; and linking farmers to various service providers.
Project Coordination Component
The Project Steering Committee (PSC) under the chairmanship of the Principal
Secretary State Department of Agriculture is the top most organ in the project
structure. It is the main policy making organ with the mandate of providing overall
policy guidance. The PSC oversees the project implementation.
Under the PSC is the Project Coordinating Unit (PCU). This is the technical arm of
the project that coordinates the day-to-day activities of the project. The PCU is
headed by the Project Coordinator and is under the directorate of Crop Resources,
Agribusiness and Market development in the State Department of Agriculture.
At the field level, there is the Sub County Project Coordinating Committees (SCPCC)
formally the District Project Coordinating committees (DPCC) that has functional
responsibility of implementation of the activities at the farmer level.
At the community level each scheme is managed by a gender sensitive Irrigation
Water Users Association (IWUA). The IWUAs further delegate core activities to
various sub-committees for efficiency.
SOME OF THE PROJECT MILESTONES.
The project has made some achievements as follows: –
1. Rehabilitated 9 Irrigation Schemes. This has been done by constructing new infrastructure or rehabilitating and improving old infrastructure.
|Specific Details of Achieved Irrigated Land and Utilization for the 9 Schemes – August 2015|
|Name of the scheme||County||Sub County||Year of Completion||InitialHa||Target Ha||Achieved crop Ha|
|Kathiga Gacheru||Embu||Mbeere North||2011/12||0.3||80||70|
|Kabanon Kapkamak||Keiyo Marakwet||Marakwet West||2013/14||82||600||706|
Developing irrigation command area to 3173 Ha has resulted in improved farming performance and efficiency in the 9 schemes. Crop production is on-going in 81 % of the developed area.
To enhance water use efficiency 69 Ha has been installed with drip system: 9 Ha in Lari Wendani and 60 Ha in Mbogoni Irrigation scheme.
In addition to construction and rehabilitation of irrigation infrastructure, 17 livestock watering troughs have been constructed, Mosiro (5), Ngurumani (5) and Namelok (7). This has enhanced livestock productivity. In Mosiro for instance, over 1,000 head of cattle and 5,000 sheep & goats have been supported by the vegetative residues and watering troughs while in Ngurumani the estimate is over 10,000 cattle.
2. Improved Management of the Schemes.
The 9 schemes are managed by Irrigation Water Users’ Associations (IWUAs). Before the project intervention, the schemes had docile management committees. In some schemes there were no management committees at all. However, the project has enabled the formation and empowerment of 9 gender-sensitive Irrigation Water Users’ Associations (IWUAs). The associations are legal entities registered with the office of the Attorney General.
3. Construction of 9 Grading and Marketing sheds.
The structures have a grading and a sorting hall, a temporally produce cooling room and an office where Irrigation Water Users’ Associations do their operations from. In addition, within the compound there is a store where the management can keep agricultural inputs for easy access to the farmers. For sanitary and hygiene purposes there is an ablution block and water supplied from a bore hole (drilled by the project), or from water harvested from the roof catchment.
4. Increased Horticulture Productivity
There has been increased production and productivity of horticultural crops for food, domestic and export market.
5. Increased Farm Incomes.
With increased crop production and productivity, farmers’ earnings have progressively increased over time. Total earnings from the 9 schemes have increased from ksh.114.1 to 534.6 million between October 2012 and April 2015.
|Estimated Progressive Earnings Per Scheme in Ksh.|
|S/No||Scheme||October 2012(Millions )||May 20113(Millions)||April 2015(Millions)|
Outcomes of increased farm incomes
With increased farm incomes farmers have been able improve their livelihoods. Some have ploughed back their earnings into their farms while others have invested in building better houses and educating their children in better schools.
6. Improvement of Access roads.
94 km of access roads have been improved, making the schemes more accessible. This has improved supply of agricultural inputs to the schemes as well as collection of farm produce for marketing outside the schemes.
7. Environmental Conservation.
18 water springs have been protected. This has resulted in increased flow of water available for irrigation and domestic use.
8. Soil Characterization and Water Quality Monitoring
In collaboration with Kenya Agriculture and Livestock Research Organisation (KALRO) soil mapping and characterisation has been done in all the 9 schemes. Similarly the water used for irrigation has been analysed and is monitored.
9. Plant Clinics
In collaboration with KALRO and Plant wise, 9 plant clinics were launched and are operational as a concept supporting sustainable pest and disease management to enhance productivity. Plant clinics are forums where farmers bring any diseased plant materials or pests for diagnosis and receive advice by trained officers referred to as plant doctors. The forums are set up regularly within the schemes. Through plant clinics farmers within the schemes have been able to reduce plant pest and disease damage.
10. Market linkages
Market linkages have been established. 15 exporters have signed contracts with farmers through Horticulture Crops Directorate (HCD) of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries Authority (AFFA). Linkages have also been established with financial service providers such as Equity Bank, Cooperative Bank, KCB and input suppliers.
11. National Horticulture Market Information System (NaHMIS).
The project is developing a National Horticulture Market Information System (NaHMIS) in conjunction with HCD. This will greatly enhance access to market information by farmers.
12. Women and Youth Empowerment.
The project has empowered women and youth to create wealth and employment by providing them with agro processing and income generating materials, equipment and tools as follows:
10 green houses and 10 agro-forestry tree nurseries have been constructed; 50 bee hives, 50 honey harvesting kits, 1 honey processing equipment, a hay baler, 6 cereal/posho mills, 6 vegetable shredders, 4 baking equipment, 2 generators, 1 walking tractor complete with rotavator, trailer and disc plough have been provided. These structures and equipment have benefited a total of 45 women and youth groups.
Small Scale Horticulture Development Project
Ngong Road, Hill Plaza Building, 9th Floor (Opposite Milimani Law Courts),
P.O. Box 30028-00100. NAIROBI